PIROGOVO PART № 3

CONTINUED ….

THE FIRST PART IS….HERE

THE PART TWO  …..   HERE

 

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photo © OLeg Karataev. Kiev. Pirogovo. 2016. Canon 1Ds Mk II+ 28-80/2.8-4L

Pyrohiv (Ukrainian Museum narodnoї arhіtekturi that pobutu Ukraine, the popular name that comes from the name of the eponymous village:. "Pie" or "Pirogov", Ukr "Pirogіv", "open-air museum in the Pirogov", Ukr.. "Museum just sky Pirogovі") - a museum in the nature, architectural and landscape complex of historical and ethnographic regions of Ukraine. Located on the southern outskirts of Kiev in Goloseyevsky area, near the village of Pirogov. Total area - 133.5 hectares.

Founded February 6, 1969. This was preceded by public initiatives, in particular, the publication of an open letter to the creation of the Museum of Folk Culture in Kyiv on August 14, 1965 in the newspaper "Literary Ukraine". The government program has been developed by researchers of folk architecture and ethnography. The museum staff performed expeditionary search work on the creation of architectural and artistic and domestic funds and exposure in a short time to the discovery in 1976.

On the museum area centered 275 architectural exhibits of folk architecture XVI-XX centuries. Granges with rural houses and household buildings formed with documentary authenticity and grouped according to the peculiarities of planning of settlements of a historical-ethnographic and geographic region. The museum also were transported wooden church, windmill and other monuments of architecture and life.

The museum holds more than 70 thousand objects of everyday life, works of folk art tools. The most interesting of the exhibits feature the interiors of buildings.

a huge collection of folk costumes collected in the museum, furniture, wood and pottery, both men and women, one of the best collections of folk music instrumentov.Derevyannaya architecture [edit | edit wiki text]

Mill at the entrance to the museum
It has long been a large part of the territory of modern Ukraine was covered with forests. Even on the wide steppes in southern Ukraine, the big oaks grow in river valleys. Therefore, it was common wood material, from which not only erected various buildings, but also prepared everything necessary for life: furniture, dishes, utensils, household equipment, industrial equipment, vehicles.

The main and most widespread product of wooden architecture has always remained property in Ukraine. People's housing was both a conservative, keeping millenary traditions and receptive to innovations. The method of creating traditional folk housing differs from the modern design: houses and outbuildings were built not on projects, but on samples of existing buildings, and according to the traditions peculiar to a particular region or even a single village. These folk building traditions, as well as folk songs, passed down from generation to generation.


Church of Sts. Covers of Kanora village
In Ukraine, houses for permanent residence called huts, and for seasonal or temporary Koliba, smoking. No less important than the house were outbuildings that form a complex peasant household: a pantry to store all valuable, cellar, stables, barn, which houses the cart and sledge (sled) barn for cattle, blacks for pigs, chicken coop, often - well with "a crane", as well as a barn to store neobmolochenogo bread, which was built separately. A farm was divided into two halves: a "clean yard" and hardware. An indispensable accessory of every estate were fruit and vegetable garden. Rigorous historical conditions led to a unique phenomenon - the district court, which in the Carpathians called CET. In it all the buildings and structures are grouped around an inner courtyard, forming a small fortress with blind outer walls and one gate.

Traditional Ukrainian hut is a true masterpiece, which combines exclusive design and the rationality of high artistic level of performance. Most often it did with one living room, which could fit subsidiary - porch, pantry and two living quarters, which were combined in various combinations and even production support. The material for the walls to serve wood in different versions: blockhouse of logs, boards or timbers, skeleton with a combined filling (small tree twigs, clay and straw). The best wood for the walls was considered a linden. The roof covered with straw, reeds, small wooden planks - shingles or the shingles.


"Crane"
The decor in the Ukrainian wooden architecture was very varied and refined, but is based on a purely rational basis: decorated with only those parts of the building, which were always in sight; applied the principle of artistic contrast (contrast color, shape, material, texture), which at a minimum accepted means giving maximum artistic effect.

In addition to the traditional structures of the peasant household, the old Ukrainian village created wonderful examples of public buildings. These include a church, a school, village council, a tavern, barn (a large pantry for storage of a grain of public stocks). Life and economic activity would have been impossible without the appropriate production facilities: sawmills, fulleries, dairies, kruporushek, forges.

Traditional Ukrainian mills - a product of the people's of engineering, which provided the needs of an old Ukrainian village in an accessible, cheap and safe energy. The oldest mill - water, wind appeared only in the XVIII century.

High level of Ukrainian wooden architecture achieved in a church building. It is in this area to create a masterpiece of architectural art: magnificent churches and small chapels, parish churches and bell towers, fences, gates and towers, as a temple - not only the focus of spiritual communion with God, but also a center of social life.
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